The Naxals on April 5th in a massive counterattack killed 75 Indian (Bharati) security personnel. This is the most aggressive action taken by the Maoists yet and will certainly raise eyebrows and impede the current operation against the insurgents who control about half the country.
In a sea of affluence spreading from Luxemburg to Sydney (with a few aberrations), India is the island of penury that is a millstone for South Asia. Unlike China India has been unable to pull herself from the bootstraps and provide decent living, food and shelter to her citizens. Marketing alone cannot gloss over the poverty striken population of India. Bollywood may beable to hide the Indian slums by filming in Kuala Lumpur but Bollywood cannot hide the dilapidated infrastructure of India cities. By all counts, India is a failed state.
There are huge problems with Bharat.
- East Punjab: Brutal suppression of Punjabi insurrection. Thousands killed
- Tamil Nadu and Mizuram are in flames seeking independence
- Tamil insurrection in Sri Lanka fled by Tamils in India
- Bihar: Major issues in Bihar and problems with Bangladesh
- West Bengal in Communist hands.
- Gujrat: Serious Hindu Muslim riots perpetuated by Mr. Modi
- 200 -300 million Untouchables have little or no rights
- 150 million Muslims are at the lowest rung of the laddar:
Balkanizing Cracks in “India”: Naxalite insurrection shows severe cavities in India
Is India is a failed state? The maps show the more than 89 insurgencies that are raging in India.
The British Indian Empire, informally, the British Raj (r?j, lit. “rule” in Hindi) or simply British India, internationally and contemporaneously, India, was the term used synonymously for the region, the rule, and the period, from 1858 to 1947, of the British Empire on the Indian subcontinent. The region included areas of British India directly administered by the United Kingdom (contemporaneously, “British India”) as well as the princely states ruled by individual rulers under the paramountcy of the British Crown.
The hundreds of states in the Subcontinent in the middle of the 19th century
Cracks are showing in Bharat today!
These are imperial British maps of the Subcontinent
The princely states, which had all entered into treaty arrangements with the British Crown, were allowed a degree of local autonomy in exchange for protection and representation in international affairs by Great Britain. The British Indian Empire included the regions of present-day India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh, and, in addition, at various times, Aden (from 1839 to 1937), Lower Burma (from 1852) and Upper Burma (from 1886) until 1937, British Somaliland (briefly from 1884 to 1898), and the Straits Settlements (briefly from 1819 to 1867). The British Indian Empire had some ties with British possessions in the Middle East; the Indian rupee served as the currency in many parts of that region. What is now Iraq was, immediately after World War I, administered by the India Office of the British government.
The British Indian Empire is said to have begun in May 1858 when the British exiled Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar II to Rangoon in then independent Konbaung Burma after executing most of his family, thus formally liquidating the Mughal Empire. At the same time, the British abolished the British East India Company and replaced it with direct rule under the British Crown. In proclaiming the new direct-rule policy to “the Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India”.. The Viceroy of India announced in 1858 that the government would honour former treaties with princely states and renounced the “Doctrine of Lapse”, whereby the East India Company had annexed territories of rulers who died without male heirs. About 40 percent of Indian territory and 20–25 percent of the population remained under the control of 562 princes.
In August 1858 the British Parliament abolished the English East India Company and transferred the company’s responsibilities to the British crown. This launched a period of direct rule in India, ending the fiction of company rule as an agent of the Mughal emperor (who was tried for treason and exiled to Burma). In November 1858, in her proclamation to the “Princes, Chiefs, and Peoples of India,” Queen Victoria pledged to preserve the rule of Indian princes in return for loyalty to the crown. More than 560 such enclaves, taking in one-fourth of India’s area and one-fifth of its people, were preserved until Indian independence in 1947.
India started out as more than 500 states.
Martin McCauley writes: The north east Indian states, known as the Seven Sisters, are home to a heterogeneous mix of ethnic groups. They have been in conflict with New Delhi since independence in 1947. They are of fundamental importance for the nation’s economy supplying oil and coal. The region has been plagued by terrorism for the last 30 years.
The United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) is the largest terrorist group and earlier this month set off several bombs in the state’s business capital, Guwahati. The goal of the movement is independence for Assam.
Large numbers of workers from India’s Hindi belt have migrated to Assam to labour in its tea plantations and mines. Hence ULFA targets both national and local political elites especially the Hindi speaking migrants who are predominantly from Bihar, a very poor state. The argument of the ULFA is that the poor migrants are overwhelming the local culture and depriving Assamese of work in their own industries. Hence it is xenophobic and chauvinistic.
Although ULFA is strongly opposed to internal migration in India it does not protest against the illegal immigration of Bengali Muslims from Bangladesh. This has led Indian officials to assume that Bangladesh’s Directorate General of Forces Intelligence (DGFI) is involved. New Delhi maintains that the DGFI is supported by Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI).Is There A Solution To Violence In North East India?April 15, 2009
INTERNAL “INDIAN” CAVITIES: The Naxalites have a force of approximately 15,000 cadres spread across 160 districts in the states of Orissa, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, Karnataka and West Bengal. They operate primarily in the lawless, dense forested areas of India’s interior, with some estimates saying Naxalites control approximately 10.03 million hectares (about 25 million acres) of forests nationwide. They also have an active campaign to recruit students and other youths to help spread their left-wing extremism into India’s towns and cities. Thus far, however, the Naxalites have not demonstrated the ability to operate in urban areas.
Insurgencies are raging in many areas which can be listed as Northwest (Kashmir and East Punjab), in the Northeast (seven sister states), in the Naxalite belt (Middle country), and in the extreme South (Tamil). The world does not see these on the television sets, but that does not mean that they do not exist.
The list of groups fightng Bharat was taken from the Bharati defense report published i the Indian Defense Weekly.
India herself is cutting India down to size. Many think of a monolithic country as portrayed by India inc. Cracks are showing and many states are in open rebellion. There were more than 560 states in the Subcontinent, and the prospect of nation building has been an arduous and daunting task on the brink of impossibility.
FAILED STATE MANTRA: India has had wars with all her neighbors. By harping on the “failed state” mantra the bigoted Indian commentariat wants to surround “Akhand Bharat” with small Balkanized mini-states like Sikkim, Bhutan, Sri Lanka. Any hegemonous power achieves its goal in the region by sabotaging the integrity and sovereignty of the neighbors. India wants to surround itself with a “Warsaw pact” type of string of obsequies and subservient states. Pakistan is big hurdle in India’s hegemonistic policy of Westward expansion. Since the West never faced “India” in combat, they are unaware of the (South) Indian aggression that was encountered by Southeast Asia (Laos, Cambodia, and even Indonesia). China and Pakistan working together have arrested the advance of the sepoys of Delhi.
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NAXALITE INSURRECTION: The real failed state is “India” with it’s penury stricken and poverty enveloped pullulating millions sleeping on the sidewalks of its major cities. Bollywood can hide the Indian indigence with a song and dance in Paris, Singapore or Dubai but it cannot fill the hunger of the millions of starving Indian bellies in more than 1000 districts which is under the control of the Naxalites. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Naxalite
PENURY STRICKEN INDIA HAS FAILED TO PROVIDE HER CITIZENS A DECENT LIVING: How poor is India? Some startling statistics have just been released by a forgotten wing of Dr Singh’s own administration, the National Commission for Enterprises in the Unorganised Sector. Around 80 per cent of India’s working population is in this sector. Nearly 80 per cent of this group earns less than 20 rupees a day and 85 per cent of this sub group is trapped in debt. By that usual sleight of hand we have drawn an arbitrary line to define poverty: Rs 12 a day constitutes the poverty line. This encourages the illusion that 77 per cent of India is now above the poverty line. It isn’t that much above in any case. Nor is this poverty line index-linked to inflation. Twelve rupees a day buys much less today than it did three years ago. The traditional poverty groups remain where they were: 88 per cent of Scheduled Tribes and Castes, 80 per cent of “Other Backward Classes” and 85 per cent of Muslims belong to the “poor and vulnerable” class.
M. J. Akbar is Editor-in-Chief of the Asian Age and Deccan Chronicle newspapers. He can be reached at email@example.com
POOR MUSLIMS THIRD RATE CITIZENS: Muslims constitute 25.2 per cent of the population of West Bengal, but have only 2.1 per cent of state government jobs. Kerala, which has almost the same percentage of Muslims (24.7 per cent), has given 10.4 per cent of state government jobs to the community. Assam’s ratio is similar: 30.9 per cent and 11.2 per cent. Bihar does better: it gives 7.6 per cent of state jobs to Muslims, who add up to 16.5 per cent of the population. Andhra Pradesh has the best record: 9.2 per cent of the population and 8.8 per cent of jobs. Uttar Pradesh, despite leaders who claim to be more-secular-than-thou has given only 5.1 per cent of state government jobs to an 18.5 per cent population. The situation is no better when it comes to health and education indices.
THE MAOISTS: The North East India comprises of the seven sister states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura. They form part of the East Himalayan region which extends from Sikkim eastwards and embraces the Darjeeling Hills of West Bengal. This swath of land is up in arms.
THE IT BOOM: The IT boom affects about 6 million Indians. The rest are shackled as indentured servants, caste prisons, or communal restrictions.
KASHMIR: Kashmir wants her liberation from India and will continue here struggle.
IMPEDIMENTS TO INDIA AS GLOBAL POWER: Unless there is a drastic change in India thinking and policies, there is not a snowballs chance in hell of this happening. Madison Avenue along with the Italian lady have taken Sing and company on a ride called “Roman Holiday”. One day India will find out that a tango with Uncle Sam may result in the total Balkanization of the country back to pre-British times when there were more than 500 states.
See movies: Fire, Water, Earth….
- …..See details about each of these subjects in other articles on this site.
- Also on this site: How Jinnah and Liaqat Ali Khan outmaneuvered Gandhi, Nehru and the INC and Sir Chottu Ram’s Zamindara (renamed Unionist Party). Please click here
- IS INDIA A FAILED STATE: Also on this site. Please click here
- WHY PAKISTAN WAS CREATED?Also on this site. Please click here
- Also on this site: Why Pakistan was created?
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