India‘s displeasure on Ankara‘s stance in the Nuclear Supplier’s Group (NSG) has led to a sharp decrease in high-level interaction between the two countries. Turkey has tried to explain to Bharat that it is not opposed to Delhi‘s application to the NSG, but Delhi has unrealistic expectations. Turkish-Delhi relations have nosedived because of Bharat’s insistence that Turkey bends over and acts against its own national interest. Things have gone so badly that the Bharati National Security Adviser Shivshankar Menon inexplicably canceled his visit at the last minute.
First some datapoints:
It is currently focused on Russia, but it may look at China too.
Analysts in Delhi are chagrined and feel that “Turkey’s special relationship with Pakistan is coming in the way of better ties with India”.
Obviously, Turkey is acting is its own long-term interests. It sees Pakistan as a regional and global ally, especially since Pakistan neighbors the former Ottoman provinces in Central Asia.
Delhi is dying to get into the Nuclear Supplier’s group so that it can block Pakistan quest for more Civilian reactors from Pakistan and because it dreams of selling reactors one day. Bharati analysts feel that it is facing a Turkish block.
Feridun Sinirlioglu, undersecretary of the Turkish foreign ministry has tried to explain that Ankara’s stance may not be a result of a Zero-Sum game. Turkey has said that Turkey supported the waiver for nuclear commerce with India at the NSG in 2008. Independent of Delhi’s membership, Turkey is pushing the case for Pakistan to enhance its engagement with the global nuclear body.
Turkey has raised the issue of “proliferation” and the objections are similar to the ones that China had made earlier which Delhi sees is intended for getting an exemption for Pakistan.
India is convinced that Turkey is “acting as a cat’s paw for both China and Pakistan”. Diplomatic sources in Bharat aver that Turkey was keen on “helping” Pakistan, to “save” the “ummah” in terms of New-Ottomanism.
India has been going through an excruciating process seeking the consummation of the the so called “123 Nuclear deal”. It was granted a waiver by the NSG but the 123 deal with America never really materialized, and under the Obama Administration may never materialize.
Much to Delhi’s chagrin, Pakistan also got a waiver and China was allowed to sell Islamabad additional reactors. Turkey and China, and with Washington’s quiet acquiescence want Pakistan’s “engagement” with the NSG should increase. Pakistan doesn’t need supplies of Uranium, it has its own and has been sing it for decades. Bharat however sees the Turkish stance, as support for a back-door entry for Pakistan.