LIAQAT ALI an ALIGARIAN: By Abdul Jamil Khan
Let’s refocus on Pakistan’s leaders specially on the products of Aligarh Movement(AM) of Sir Syed Ahmed Khan (SSK). Pakistanis assume that Sir Syed planted the seeds for Pakistan and they are correct though [initially-- like all Muslim Leagers] Sir Syed was for Hindu, Muslim friendship and a united free Hindustan. Sir Syed Aligarh coll was open to all and 7 of the 33 trustees were Hindus–this I write to contrast with ” Hindu college” that was established in 1816 60 yrs earlier, at Calcutta which was “EXCLUSIVE for HINDUS ONLY”. Thousands of Hindu Bengali from here wanted to ” administer/rule ” India under cover of British Aryan brothers. Mr. Nehru too had noted this development.
Sir Syed took a stand against it and British accepted. Bengali Hindus went crazy with terrorism but govt did not relent but gave them a party to ventilate. The Indian National Congress was born.
Sir Syed created the fundamental awareness for modern English education among Muslim so that they could become the ”co-administrater/rulers” of future Hindustan. He formalised a role model–that is still alive.
Mr Liaqat Ali came into the Sir Syed/ Aligarh Univ/culture as a student and graduated (1914) with a politically active group comprised of Nawab of Bhopal (famous Muslim leaguer), Rashid Ahmed Siddiqui, famous Urdu writer and M. A. Ghani (my wife’s father), univ hockey captain and later DIG police-Bhopal. Readers must note that modern Muslim education antedates Aligarh (by 1826) in Bombay and Calcutta where Muslims had opened colleges in reaction to HINDU College BUT the Aligarh Movement initiated the political movement ending in Pakistan.
Much before Aligarh Movement or even Hindu College, readers may have read about ”Aryan brotherhood of Hindus and British”. By 1790s they had formulated dreams for an ”Aryan/Hindu India” that drove Hindu revivalism, that later on had openly threatened Muslims with ”Convert/Kill/Expell campaign” [Shuddhi and Sangatham Movements] ala Spanish Inquisition–all referenced in my book. It is Sir Syed/Aligarh that had stood out against it. Powerful Hindu nationalism at this stage had even suggested “Partition of ‘India’ ” [various article on Hindu proponents of Two Nation Theory have been published on this site]. http://rupeenews.com/2012/01/lajpat-rai-shuddhi-movement-reconverted-1-5-3-million-muslims/
They [Sawarkar, Lajpat Rai etc] had to have an exclusive Hindu nation. Pakistan may be seen as a [inevitable] by some –and me as well. Muslims leaders were frustrated right from Sir Syed on wards. In this background leaders likes of IQBAL, JINNAH, and Liaqat ali had their turn. Liaqat Ali, himself from the north (born in Punjab), married to a Hindu lady (Rana niece of famous Congress leader G B Pant, a home minister later) had the same idea as of Jinnah of united India with safeguards for Muslims. BUT as described earlier, HINDUS wanted a Hindu nation, their heart’s desire–even though they posed as ”secular”. For them freedom was a necessity from both MUSLIMS and British.
Interestingly, not well known, is the boundaries of Pakistan as proposed by a HINDU leader Lala Lajpat Rai–lion of Punjab. In this he even preempted Choudhary Rehmat Ali [Rehmat Ali did not propose a divided Bengal or Punjab]. In 1924, he proposed, a bisected Bengal and Punjab as a Muslim homeland. The following year he became the president of the Hindu mahasabha (1925). The idea of Pakistan’s boundaries was initiated by Mr Rai according to Stephen Hay Assoc. Professor at Univ of California, Santa Barbara USA. (Modern India and Pakistan-p 161).
Thus while giving credits to people for birth of Pakistan–we need to remember that greatest credit goes to ” Hindu nationalists” and then to the Aligarh movements–that nursed leaders like Liaqat ali Khan who had really steered Pakistan movement and country of Pakistan. Thank you Rupee News for a refocus on his life specially his endeavor in Pak-US alliance.