Pakistan’s Ghauri and others are Strategic nuclear weapons (SNWs)are designed to menace large populations, to damage the enemy’s ability to wage war, or for general deterrence.
Let us introduce you to Pakistan’s latest Plutonium based Short Range Tactial Nuclear missile which will be used on Bharat if it tries its “Cold Start Strategy”. There are several types of Nuclear weapons. The two main categories are TNW and SNW.A Tactical Nuclear Weapon (or TNW) refers to a nuclear weapon which is designed to be used on a battlefield in military situations. Nasr is a TNW. Tactical nuclear weapons were a large part of the peak nuclear weapons stockpile levels during the Cold War.
Pakistani ISPR (Inter-Services Public Relations) describes at ast: “Nasr, with a range of 60 km, carries nuclear warheads of appropriate yield with high accuracy, shoot and scoot attributes. This quick response system addresses the need to deter evolving threats.” The Hatf IX, named Nasr was developed by Pakistan’s National Development Complex (NDC). The Hatf IX Nasr has a range of 60 km, and is a solid fuelled battlefield range ballistic missile (BRBM) system developed by Pakistan. The missile’s existence was first reported after a test-firing on 19 April 2011.
According to Bharati strategy developed by Cohen, time would be the essence. The CSS calls for massive and rapid deployment of Bharati forces who would cross the border and capture Pakistani territory before Nuclear threshold is reached).
Manoj Joshi in India Today writes “Ordinarily, the ballistic missile called Nasr, with a range of 60 kilometres, would not be particularly threatening considering Pakistan’s multilayered missile arsenal that covers most of India and beyond. Indeed, in terms of range it is much like our own Russian-supplied Smerch.”
Not sure why this is new news, but noted Nuclear expert Hans M Kristensen and his partner Robert Norris have just published a report identifying Pakistan and China as among the five nuclear powers which either have, or are developing non-strategic nuclear weapons. “On Pakistan, the picture is clearer in the sense that it is developing the Nasr that it claims has nuclear capability..”As for the role of a nuclear Nasr, it appears intended for use against invading Indian troop formations..” Pakistan is manufacturing low-yield, tactical nuclear weapons. These weapons, according to Indian experts, are meant to be used along the border in case of any skirmish with the Bharati Army.
Hans M Kristensen of Federation of American Scientists said that Pakistan is developing non-strategic or tactical nuclear weapons to check the asymmetry with India in conventional capabilities. Russia, US and France are the other three countries that are developing tactical Nukes. It does appear that India has tested a tactical nuclear warhead.
Joshi says: “In strategic literature, short-range tactical nuclear weapons have been considered particularly destabilising. “A quick response system” is not something you talk about when you discuss nuclear weapons which ought never be used, and if they are, should be employed only in the gravest of national emergencies.
Weapons of such range are held at the level of a Corps which is a large battlefield formation. Many situations can arise at a Corps level battle which may appear to be dire emergencies, but are not so when viewed at a higher level. No doubt the Nasr’s employment will be controlled by Pakistan’s national command authority, but given their range, they would have to be deployed in the forward edge of battle where the fog of war is thick and the chance of miscalculation high.”
While the Indo-US Nuclear deal still languishes in paperwork and may never see the light of day the Sino-Pakistan Nuclear deal has surprised Bharat with its fourth Plutonium reactor at Khushab.
According to the Times of India “Kristensen and Norris described Pakistan’s “new weapon” in the report as a 60-km ballistic missile launched from a mobile twin-canister launcher. “Following its first test launch in April 2011, the Pakistani military news organization, Inter Services Public Relations, described the Nasr as carrying a nuclear warhead ‘of appropriate yield with high accuracy’, with ‘shoot and scoot attributes’ that was developed as a quick response system to ‘add deterrence value’ to Pakistan’s strategic weapons development programme ‘at shorter ranges’ in order ‘to deter evolving threats’,” they said in the report.”
The Indian security establishment was shocked last year after news broke out, as confirmed by satellite images, that Pakistan had already completed much work on the fourth reactor at Khushab. “It will add to their stockpile of low-yield weapons which, they believe, will help them dominate any low-intensity conflict with India,” said SD Pradhan, former chief of joint intelligence committee, adding that Pakistan was following the Chinese in acquiring such weapons.
- Many have assumed that the red lines would be the threat of our Strike Corps – each with three to four divisions – striking deep into Pakistan cutting its north-south communications links, or endangering a major city. To avoid this, as well as to deal with the kind of challenge the country confronted with the attack on the Parliament House in 2001 and on Mumbai in 2008, the army began talking of a Cold Start doctrine.
- In analysing this doctrine, Gurmeet Kanwal has argued that shallow division-sized attacks across the international boundary, with the aim of luring the Pakistan Army and degrading it with massive ” ground based aerially delivered” fire power would not cross any red line. However, if Pakistan fields tactical nuclear weapons to counter this, the very definition of red lines would change and, by threatening their use, it would ensure that the Indian army does not mass its firepower for the purpose intended.
Pakistan has perfected missile technology and has the capability to produce Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles. During recent trips to China, both Islmabad and Beijing have signed accords to develop space technology. In a few years, Pakistan will be shooting rockets at the moon. Those rockets will also be ICBMs and be used as such if needed.